Design by Dragon Enterprise

© 2007 Armchair History

Design by Dragon Enterprise

© 2007 Armchair History

The principal evidence for settlement during the Early Iron Age (600 B.C. - 100 A.D.) is the large number of defended hilltop enclosures (hillforts) which occur widely throughout the area. Some of these sites have huts within them and may have been permanently inhabited. There are two principal types of hillfort which can be identified in Caernarvonshire

(a) The Bank-and-Ditch type, which occurs mainly in coastal areas, is characterised by defences consisting of a large ditch, with the upcast heaped into a bank. This type of fort is common elsewhere in Britain, and the Caer­narvonshire examples could have been intro­duced by immigrants from S.W. England.

(b) The Stone Walled type, with defences con­sisting simply of a massive dry-stone wall. This could well have been built by the native population.The fact that both types of structure occur successively on the same site (e.g., Dinas Dinor­wig) shows that there were two separate traditions.The occasional finds of decorated metal-work are presumably imported: the Pen-y-Pass mount probably originated in S.W. England.Some hillforts were certainly occupied into the Roman period (e.g., Braich y Dinas, Tre'r Ceiri, Dinas Emrys).




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